This article ingrigued me… so I am “blogging” it:
From the New York Times…..By JEFF GORDINIER
TRY this: place a forkful of food in your mouth. It doesn’t
matter what the food is, but make it something you love — let’s say it’s that
first nibble from three hot, fragrant, perfectly cooked ravioli.
Now comes the hard part. Put the fork down. This could be a
lot more challenging than you imagine, because that first bite was very good
and another immediately beckons. You’re hungry.
Today’s experiment in eating, however, involves becoming
aware of that reflexive urge to plow through your meal like Cookie Monster on a
shortbread bender. Resist it. Leave the fork on the table. Chew slowly. Stop
talking. Tune in to the texture of the pasta, the flavor of the cheese, the
bright color of the sauce in the bowl, the aroma of the rising steam.
Continue this way throughout the course of a meal, and
you’ll experience the third-eye-opening pleasures and frustrations of a
practice known as mindful eating.
The concept has roots in Buddhist teachings. Just as there
are forms of meditation that involve sitting, breathing, standing and walking,
many Buddhist teachers encourage their students to meditate with food,
expanding consciousness by paying close attention to the sensation and purpose
of each morsel. In one common exercise, a student is given three raisins, or a
tangerine, to spend 10 or 20 minutes gazing at, musing on, holding and
Lately, though, such experiments of the mouth and mind have
begun to seep into a secular arena, from the Harvard School of Public Health to
the California campus of Google. In the eyes of some experts, what seems like
the simplest of acts — eating slowly and genuinely relishing each bite — could
be the remedy for a fast-paced Paula Deen Nation in which an endless parade of
new diets never seems to slow a stampede toward obesity.
Mindful eating is not a diet, or about giving up anything at
all. It’s about experiencing food more intensely — especially the pleasure of
it. You can eat a cheeseburger mindfully, if you wish. You might enjoy it a lot
more. Or you might decide, halfway through, that your body has had enough. Or
that it really needs some salad.
“This is anti-diet,” said Dr. Jan Chozen Bays, a
pediatrician and meditation teacher in Oregon and the author of “Mindful
Eating: A Guide to Rediscovering a Healthy and Joyful Relationship with Food.”
“I think the fundamental problem is that we go unconscious when we eat.”
The last few years have brought a spate of books, blogs and
videos about hyper-conscious eating. A Harvard nutritionist, Dr. Lilian Cheung,
has devoted herself to studying its benefits, and is passionately encouraging
corporations and health care providers to try it.
At the Food and Brand Lab at Cornell University, Prof. Brian
Wansink, the author of “Mindless Eating: Why We Eat More Than We Think,” has
conducted scores of experiments on the psychological factors that lead to our
bottomless bingeing. A mindful lunch hour recently became part of the schedule
at Google, and self-help gurus like Oprah Winfrey and Kathy Freston have become
cheerleaders for the practice.
With the annual chow-downs of Thanksgiving, Christmas and
Super Bowl Sunday behind us, and Lent coming, it’s worth pondering whether
mindful eating is something that the mainstream ought to be, well, more mindful
of. Could a discipline pioneered by Buddhist monks and nuns help teach us how
to get healthy, relieve stress and shed many of the neuroses that we’ve come to
associate with food?
Dr. Cheung is convinced that it can. Last week, she met with
team members at Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and asked them to spend quality
time with a chocolate-covered almond.
“The rhythm of life is becoming faster and faster, so we
really don’t have the same awareness and the same ability to check into
ourselves,” said Dr. Cheung, who, with the Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thich Nhat
Hanh, co-wrote “Savor: Mindful Eating, Mindful Life.” “That’s why mindful
eating is becoming more important. We need to be coming back to ourselves and
saying: ‘Does my body need this? Why am I eating this? Is it just because I’m
so sad and stressed out?’ ”
The topic has even found its way into culinary circles that
tend to be more focused on Rabelaisian excess than monastic restraint. In
January, Dr. Michael Finkelstein, a holistic physician who oversees SunRaven, a
holistic-living center in Bedford, N.Y., gave a talk about mindful gardening
and eating at the smorgasbord-friendly headquarters of the James Beard
Foundation in New York City.
“The question isn’t what are the foods to eat, in my mind,”
he said in an interview. “Most people have a general sense of what the healthy
foods are, but they’re not eating them. What’s on your mind when you’re eating:
that’s mindful eating to me.”
A good place to try it is the Blue Cliff Monastery, in Pine
Bush, N.Y., a Hudson Valley hamlet. At the serene refuge about 75 miles
northwest of Manhattan, curious lay people can join Buddhist brothers and
sisters for a free “day of mindfulness” twice a week.
At a gathering in January, visitors watched a videotaped
lecture by Thich Nhat Hanh (pronounced tik-nyot-HAHN), who founded this and
other monasteries around the world; they strolled methodically around the
grounds as part of a walking meditation, then filed into a dining room for
No one spoke, in keeping with a key principle of mindful
eating. The point is simply to eat, as opposed to eating and talking, eating
and watching TV, or eating and watching TV and gossiping on the phone while
Tweeting and updating one’s Facebook status.
A long buffet table of food awaited, all of it vegan and
mindfully prepared by two monks in the kitchen. There was plenty of rice,
herbed chickpeas, a soup made with cubes of taro, a stew of fried tofu in
In silence, people piled their plates with food, added a
squirt or two of condiments (eating mindfully doesn’t mean forsaking the hot
sauce) and sat down together with eyes closed during a Buddhist prayer for
gratitude and moderation.
What followed was captivating and mysterious. Surrounded by
a murmur of clinking forks, spoons and chopsticks, the Blue Cliff congregation,
or sangha, spent the lunch hour contemplating the enjoyment of spice, crunch,
saltiness, warmth, tenderness and like-minded company.
Some were thinking, too, about the origins of the food: the
thousands of farmers, truck drivers and laborers whose work had brought it
As their jaws moved slowly, their faces took on expressions
of deep focus. Every now and then came a pause within the pause: A chime would
sound, and, according to the monastery’s custom, all would stop moving and
chewing in order to breathe and explore an even deeper level of sensory
It looked peaceful, but inside some of those heads, a
struggle was afoot.
“It’s much more challenging than we would imagine,” said
Carolyn Cronin, 64, who lives near the monastery and regularly attends the
mindfulness days. “People are used to eating so fast. This is a practice of
stopping, and we don’t realize how much we’re not stopping.”
For many people, eating fast means eating more. Mindful
eating is meant to nudge us beyond what we’re craving so that we wake up to why
we’re craving it and what factors might be stoking the habit of belly-stuffing.
“As we practice this regularly, we become aware that we
don’t need to eat as much,” said Phap Khoi, 43, a robed monk who has been
stationed at Blue Cliff since it opened in 2007. “Whereas when people just gulp
down food, they can eat a lot and not feel full.”
It’s this byproduct of mindful eating — its potential as a
psychological barrier to overeating — that has generated excitement among
nutritionists like Dr. Cheung.
“Thich Nhat Hanh often talks about our craving being like a
crying baby who is trying to draw our attention,” she said. “When the baby
cries, the mother cradles the baby to try to calm the baby right away. By
acknowledging and embracing our cravings through a few breaths, we can stop our
autopilot of reaching out to the pint of ice cream or the bag of chips.”
The average American doesn’t have the luxury of ruminating
on the intense tang of sriracha sauce at a monastery. “Most of us are not going
to be Buddhist monks,” said Dr. Finkelstein, the holistic physician. “What I’ve
learned is that it has to work at home.”
To that end, he and others suggest that people start with a
few baby steps. “Don’t be too hard on yourself,” Dr. Cheung said. “You’re not
supposed to be able to switch on your mindfulness button and be able to do it
100 percent. It’s a practice you keep working toward.”
Dr. Bays, the pediatrician, has recommendations that can
sound like a return to the simple rhythms of Mayberry, if not “Little House on
the Prairie.” If it’s impossible to eat mindfully every day, consider planning
one special repast a week. Click off the TV. Sit at the table with loved ones.
“How about the first five minutes we eat, we just eat in
silence and really enjoy our food?” she said. “It happens step by step.”
Sometimes, even she is too busy to contemplate a chickpea.
So there are days when Dr. Bays will take three mindful sips of tea, “and then,
O.K., I’ve got to go do my work,” she said. “Anybody can do that. Anywhere.”
Even scarfing down a burrito in the car offers an
opportunity for insight. “Mindful eating includes mindless eating,” she said. “
‘I am aware that I am eating and driving.’ ”
Few places in America are as frantically abuzz with activity
as the Google headquarters in Mountain View, Calif., but when Thich Nhat Hanh
dropped by for a day of mindfulness in September, hundreds of employees showed
Part of the event was devoted to eating thoughtfully in
silence, and the practice was so well received that an hourlong wordless vegan
lunch is now a monthly observance on the Google campus.
“Interestingly enough, a lot of the participants are the
engineers, which pleases us very much,” said Olivia Wu, an executive chef at
the company. “I think it quiets the mind. I think there is a real sense of
feeling restored so that they can go back to the crazy pace that they came
It’s not often, after all, that those workhorse technicians
get to stop and smell the pesto. “Somebody will say, ‘I ate so much less,’ ”
Ms. Wu said. “And someone else will say, ‘You know, I never noticed how spicy
arugula tastes.’ ”
And that could be the ingredient that helps mindful eating
gain traction in mainstream American culture: flavor.
“So many people now have found themselves in an adversarial
relationship with food, which is very tragic,” Dr. Bays said. “Eating should be
a pleasurable activity.”
O.K., so you don’t happen to live in a Buddhist monastery.
You can still give mindful eating a spin by incorporating a few chilled-out
gestures and rituals into your regular calorie intake.
WHEN YOU EAT, JUST EAT. Unplug the electronica. For now, at
least, focus on the food.
CONSIDER SILENCE. Avoiding chatter for 30 minutes might be
impossible in some families, especially with young children, but specialists
suggest that greenhorns start with short periods of quiet.
TRY IT WEEKLY. Sometimes there’s no way to avoid wolfing
down onion rings in your cubicle. But if you set aside one sit-down meal a week
as an experiment in mindfulness, the insights may influence everything else you
PLANT A GARDEN, AND COOK. Anything that reconnects you with
the process of creating food will magnify your mindfulness.
CHEW PATIENTLY. It’s not easy, but try to slow down, aiming
for 25 to 30 chews for each mouthful.
USE FLOWERS AND CANDLES. Put them on the table before
dinner. Rituals that create a serene environment help foster what one advocate
calls “that moment of gratitude.”
FIND A BUDDHIST CONGREGATION where the members invite people
in for a day of mindfulness.
Mindfulness??? do you have to be in your body for that???? Man, I have a
lot of work to do…. Just